UN adopts Pakistan resolutions urging to secure world peace

UNITED NATIONS: General Assembly of the United Nations adopted four annual disarmament-related resolutions moved by Pakistan, and aimed at strengthening regional as well as international peace and security, reflecting Islamabad’s commitment to achieving those objectives.

The resolutions were recommended by the First Committee, one of six main committees at the General Assembly that deals with disarmament and international security matters, where the texts were adopted by the overwhelming support of its membership.

Of these, three resolutions deal with regional disarmament, conventional arms control at regional and sub-regional levels as well as confidence-building measures (CBMs) in the regional and sub-regional context.

The fourth resolution sought international security assurances for non-nuclear-weapon states.

Titled “Conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons”, the resolution was adopted by a vote of 120 in favour to none against, with 60 abstentions.

By its terms, the assembly, convinced that nuclear disarmament and the complete elimination of nuclear weapons are essential to remove the danger of nuclear war, reaffirmed the urgent need to reach an agreement to assure non-nuclear-weapon states against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons and appealed to States, particularly nuclear-weapons nations, to work towards a legally binding instrument.

The resolution, titled “Conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels”, was adopted by a thumping majority of 182 votes in favour. India was the only country which voted against it. There was one abstention.

The text draws attention to the conventional military danger in the regional context — South Asia — and proposes a measure to address the associated risks.

Resolutions on “Regional disarmament” and “Confidence-building measures (CBMs) in the regional and subregional context” were adopted by consensus.

For several years, Pakistan has led initiatives at the UN to promote the goals of regional disarmament, conventional arms control, and CBMs, it was pointed out.

The resolutions recognise the significance of and complementarity between regional and global approaches to arms control, disarmament, and confidence building to promote international peace, security, and stability, encouraging efforts aimed at promoting CBMs at the regional and sub-regional levels to ease regional tensions.

The resolution on conventional arms control at regional and sub-regional levels acknowledges that the preservation of a balance in states’ defence capabilities strengthens peace and stability.


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