No deal with US on use of airspace for Afghanistan military ops: Foreign Office

ISLAMABAD: The Foreign Office Saturday denied press reports suggesting Islamabad has struck a deal to allow the United States to use its airspace for military and intelligence operations in Afghanistan.

It was responding to a CNN report which, citing sources, claimed the administration of President Joe Biden, in a classified briefing on Friday morning, told members of Congress it is nearing a formalised agreement with Islamabad to give Washington access to Pakistan’s airspace to conduct counter-terrorism operations in the war-ravaged nation.

The meeting was told Pakistan has expressed a desire to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in exchange for assistance with its own counter-terrorism efforts and help in managing the relationship with India.

But the negotiations are ongoing, the report cites another source as saying, and the terms of the agreement, which has not been finalised, could still change.

“No such understanding is in place,” Foreign Office spokesperson Asim Iftikhar said in a statement.

“Pakistan and the US have longstanding cooperation on regional security and counterterrorism and the two sides remain engaged in regular consultations.”

The briefing comes as the White House is still trying to ensure that it can carry out strikes against Islamic State-Khorasan and other adversaries in Afghanistan now that there is no longer a US presence on the ground for the first time in two decades after the NATO withdrawal from the country in August.

The US military currently uses Pakistan’s airspace to reach Afghanistan as part of ongoing intelligence-gathering efforts, but there is no formal agreement in place to ensure continued access to a critical piece of airspace necessary for the US to reach Afghanistan.

The air corridor through Pakistan to Afghanistan may become even more critical if and when the US resumes flights into Kabul to fly out American nationals and others who remain in the country.

The third source said that an agreement was discussed when US officials visited Pakistan, but it’s not yet clear what Pakistan wants or how much the US would be willing to give in return.

With no formal agreement currently in place, the US runs the risk of Pakistan refusing entry to its military aircraft and drones en route to Afghanistan.

A Pentagon spokesman said the Defense Department does not comment on closed briefings due to security classifications. CNN has reached out to the National Security Council, State Department and Pakistan embassy in Washington for comment.


At the same time, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan are emerging as the top options for possible locations to establish a US military presence to conduct so-called over-the-horizon operations in Afghanistan, the sources said, but both would run into severe opposition from Russia President Vladimir Putin and some local politicians.

“Both are long shots,” one source said, calling them “likely pipe dreams due to needing Putin’s blessing.”

Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman visited Uzbekistan earlier this month where she discussed “the way forward in Afghanistan” with President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, according to a readout of the meeting.

Currently, the US conducts its over-the-horizon operations from bases in the Middle East, forcing drones to fly from distant bases, such as those in Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, around Iran and through Pakistan air space before reaching Afghanistan.

The lengthy flight limits the time drones can loiter over Afghanistan gathering intelligence, and the Biden administration has been looking for closer, more effective options.

The commander of US Central Command, Gen Frank McKenzie, told lawmakers last month that he still has “the ability to look into Afghanistan,” but it is “limited.”

McKenzie also said he was not confident in the US’ ability to prevent ISIS and al Qaeda from using Afghanistan as a launchpad for terrorist activity in the future.

“The US maintains ongoing ISR (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance) capabilities as needed to support the over-the-horizon and counter-terrorism mission requirements,” a defence official told CNN. That includes not only drones but also signals intelligence and cyber capabilities to monitor the situation in Afghanistan.


President Joe Biden said in July, weeks before the evacuation from Afghanistan and the fall of Kabul to the Taliban, that the US would maintain its ability to operate in the country, even if US troops were no longer on the ground.

“We are developing a counterterrorism over-the-horizon capability that will allow us to keep our eyes firmly fixed on any direct threats to the United States in the region, and act quickly and decisively if needed,” he said on July 8.

But lawmakers have questioned the White House’s ability to fulfil that promise. The Pentagon has repeatedly said the US can continue to fight terrorism in the region through over-the-horizon capabilities, but the Defense Department has not said where those capabilities will be headquartered in the region.

“They’re building the plane as they fly it,” one Senate aide told CNN of what Pentagon officials have shared about over-the-horizon plans.

On Thursday, Sen Jim Inhofe, Ranking Member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said the US is “in a worse place to understand and track the terrorist threats coming from Afghanistan,” following a classified briefing on Afghanistan.

The briefing included a discussion of over-the-horizon capabilities, according to a Senate Armed Services Committee aide.

Inhofe said in a statement that the briefing “confirmed” that the US “is now less safe than before Biden’s disastrous decision to unconditionally and entirely withdraw from Afghanistan.”

— With additional input from CNN


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