There is no separate handling on modern lines of around 1,100 tonnes of garbage generated daily from hospitals in Karachi, as haphazard disposal of medical waste creates a serious public health risk.
This was stated by Dean of Architecture and Management Sciences of the NED University of Engineering & Technology Prof Dr Noman Ahmed, in his keynote address at the National Waste Management Conference organised by the National Forum for Environment and Health (NFEH) on Wednesday.
Dr Ahmed said the municipal workers and scavengers in the city were prone to deadly infectious diseases as they handled the hospital waste daily without any safety precautions, the same way municipal garbage was handled in Karachi.
He lamented that there was no check at all to stop scavengers from extracting useful and recyclable material from the hospital trash as the practice should come to an end to safeguard public health.
He said the hospital waste was quite often mixed with the regular municipal trash generated in the city, instead of the former’s disposal in a safe manner.
The senior faculty member, who remained involved in different studies on waste management practices, emphasized that hospital waste should be properly segregated before its disposal on a scientific basis.
He said the government should provide maximum resources and support for developing an efficient system of hospital waste disposal, as unsafe practices in that regard had seriously compromised public health during the coronavirus pandemic.
Dr Ahmed said that barring a few big private hospitals in Karachi, other healthcare facilities didn’t have any specialized system to handle their waste, as their management wanted to perform the essential task with minimal spending.
Managing Director of Sindh Solid Waste Management Board (SSWMB) Zubair Ahmed Channa told the audience that a very haphazard system was in place before the SSWMB had come into existence in 2014 for the disposal of 11,000 tonnes of municipal waste generated in Karachi daily.
He said the private contractors and scavengers who had been collecting waste from different neighbourhoods of the city prior to the establishment of the SSWMB hadn’t ensured that the trash collected by them should ultimately reach Karachi’s two proper landfill sites, as instead the garbage was thrown at various dumping points near residential localities.
He said that before the SSWMB had put in place its proper waste collection system, different agencies in Karachi, including cantonments didn’t ensure that the waste collected by them should reach the two landfill sites for proper disposal.
He said that SSWMB had ensured that up to 9,000 tonnes of waste reached the landfill sites daily, as just a year ago only 3,000 tonnes of garbage had been reaching the sites for safe disposal.
Channa said that he had been facing immense difficulties to convince the residents of a number of localities and office bearers of various industrial estates in Karachi not to depend any more on irregular private contractors for waste collection. Instead, they should fully rely on SSWMB for the same.
He said that owing to improper handling and disposal of trash in Karachi, it was utterly difficult to utilize municipal waste for useful purposes like waste-to-energy and recycling projects.
Wasif Ijlal, CEO of TransKarachi, said the Red Line BRTS project being built in Karachi from Malir Halt to Numaish would generate minimal carbon emissions as it would operate on biogas generated from dung collected from Karachi’s Cattle Colony.
He said the Red Line BRTS would become operational in the next three years as it would resolve the issue of safe disposal of dung produced in the colony that was otherwise unsafely disposed off into the sea.
Wasif said the use of biogas for the Red Line bus service would minimize its fuel cost as it would become the first BRTS in Pakistan, which would require no subsidy from the government for its operations.
NFEH President Naeem Qureshi said that his non-governmental organization had hosted the conference to find a lasting solution to the municipal and hazardous waste generated in Karachi for protecting the health of its citizens.
In his concluding remarks, Sindh Local Government Minister Syed Nasir Hussain Shah assured the audience that in the next few weeks proper waste collection system of the SSWMB would be deployed in all districts of Karachi for daily collection and disposal of garbage.
He said that in the next step the SSWMB would unfold its waste disposal system in other major cities of Sindh, after resolving the trash issue in Karachi.
He said the Sindh government had the utmost resolve to make Karachi clean, green, and a fully developed city and for the purpose, its road and civic infrastructure would be rebuilt as soon as monsoon rains stopped.