President Xi Jinping to attend SCO summit, visit Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

President Xi Jinping will attend the 22nd meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in the Uzbek city of Samarkand and pay state visits to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan from September 14 to 16, the Chinese Foreign Ministry announced on Monday.

In a statement, Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said the state visits are at the invitation of President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev of the Republic of Kazakhstan and President Shavkat Mirziyoyev of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

The Council of Heads of State, the supreme body of the SCO, meets once a year to determine priorities and define the major areas of the organization’s activities.

Addressing its 21st meeting via video link last September, Xi urged solidarity, upholding common security, openness and integration for the SCO members to forge a closer SCO community with a shared future.

Launched in the Chinese city of Shanghai in June 2001, the SCO now has eight full members, including its six founding members: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. India and Pakistan joined as full members in 2017.

The Chinese president will also “pay state visits to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan” from Wednesday to Friday at the invitation of Presidents Kassym-Jomart Tokayev and Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the foreign ministry said in a statement.

The SCO is made up of China, Russia, India, Pakistan, as well as four Central Asian countries — Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. The summit in Samarkand, a stop on the ancient silk road, will take place on Thursday and Friday.

Putin and Xi last met in early February in Beijing ahead of the Winter Olympic Games, days before the Russian president sent troops into Ukraine. Beijing has not condemned Moscow’s interventions in Ukraine and provided diplomatic cover by blasting Western sanctions and arms sales to Kyiv.

India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi will also take part in the summit in Samarkand, the Indian government said Sunday, without saying whether Modi would hold bilateral talks with Putin or Xi.

India’s relations with China have been frosty since fighting in 2020 on their disputed Himalayan border left at least 20 Indian and four Chinese soldiers dead. Modi and Xi have not held bilateral talks since 2019.

Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif, who took over as leader in April, will also attend the summit, a foreign office official who asked not to be named told AFP.

China is Pakistan’s closest economic ally, although relations have strained recently over the scaled-back CPEC project and attacks by separatist militants on Chinese nationals and interests.                                  

– Pivotal period –

The trip will be Xi’s first outside China’s borders in more than two and a half years. The Chinese president last went overseas in January 2020 for a state visit to Myanmar. A few days after his return, the entire city of Wuhan was locked down over a Covid outbreak.

Since then, Xi has largely conducted his diplomacy virtually. But in February, he received several foreign leaders during the Beijing Winter Olympics — his first in-person meetings with heads of state since the pandemic.

Xi is readying for a pivotal twice-a-decade Congress of the ruling Communist Party in October, where he is widely expected to secure an unprecedented third term as president.

The event, which opens on October 16 in Beijing, will also unveil a new top leadership lineup and likely consolidate Xi’s hold on the party.

Previous Chinese leaders generally refrained from making overseas trips in the weeks before the Party Congress, when behind-the-scenes power struggles frequently intensified.

Formerly Cold War allies with a tempestuous relationship, China and Russia have drawn closer in recent years as part of what they call a “no limits” relationship acting as a counterweight to the global dominance of the United States.

Last week, Beijing’s top legislator Li Zhanshu became the highest-ranking Communist Party politician to travel to Russia since the Ukraine invasion.

Mian Abrar
The writer heads Pakistan Today's Islamabad Bureau. He has a special focus on counter-terrorism and inter-state relations in Asia, Asia Pacific and South East Asia regions. He tweets as @mian_abrar and also can be reached at [email protected]

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