Gone with the mushroom cloud - Pakistan Today

Gone with the mushroom cloud

It was 73 years ago when the mushroom cloud arose in Hiroshima and Nagasaki and signaled the end of the World War II. It was to this date the most catastrophic use of weaponry and the only time history saw a nuclear bomb in action. Ever since that the United Nations (UN) acts as the central organ preventing another war of this scale whereas the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) serves as an agreement aiming to prevent anymore nuclear warfare, but does this mean we are completely safe?
Perhaps if the NPT had been free of loopholes or at least followed to the letter, we could have had a somewhat better sense of security. For example, five states (namely the United States of America, Russia, France, China and the United Kingdom) still possess ample nuclear stockpiles. While the treaty presents these recognised Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) as aloof from several obligation, one of the core obligations in Article III of the treaty urging for “movement towards general and complete disarmament” is still applicable to them. Despite this, after reducing their stockpiles to certain extent, none of these states show intention to denuclearize further, and states like Russia and the US still possess over 1000 warheads. Furthermore, the treaty through articles such as Article II and VI not only allows but encourages as one of its “three pillars” that nuclear stockpiles for peaceful purposes such as developing nuclear energy may be traded. Although since this consists of a uranium isotope which cannot be uses for weaponry (U-238), with the advancement of modern technology turning this very enriching this very uranium to U-235 for use in weaponry is not impossible.
If this alone did not establish just how shallow the security we live under was, another fact is that the NPT is not completely universal, even amongst the members of the UN. Pakistan and India never signed the NPT whereas as North Korea withdrew from the treaty, as allowed in Article X. All three countries possess nuclear weapons. To make matters worse is the constant tension between Pakistan and India and the rogue nature of North Korea. We also see the matter of Israel, a state whose nuclear intentions have been hidden by powerful nations like the US, thus leaving us in confusion. The truth is, even now we may be sitting at the brink of nuclear war. We may be sitting a mere 10 seconds away from the loss of millions of lives and destructions of hundreds of cities. It is when one ponders over these thoughts that the words of Albert Einstein come to mind, “I do not know what weapons World War III will be fought with, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.”