ISLAMABAD: The parliament passed 33 laws in 2018 on important issues ranging from rehabilitation of corporate sector, protection of rights of juvenile, children, transgender persons, setting up of new universities and on matters concerning health and marine insurance.
However, the landmark legislation was the 25th Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan passed just before the expiry of the term of the last National Assembly (NA). As a result of the amendment, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) was merged into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), bringing the tribal areas into the mainstream of political and legal system.
According to the official record of the parliament, another achievement was the enactment of law about the extension of the jurisdiction of Supreme Court (SC) and high court to erstwhile FATA.
The parliament passed important laws related to education sector, including the Apprenticeship Act, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University Amendment Act, National University of Technology Act, National Skills University Islamabad Act, COMSATS University Islamabad Act, Institute of Science and Technology Bahawalpur Act, National Civic Education Commission Act and Institute for Art and Culture Act.
An act to establish the Islamabad Healthcare Regulatory Authority was passed to provide a regulatory framework to ensure the provision of quality healthcare services to residents of Islamabad by implementing quality standards by the healthcare sector.
The Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act was passed to prevent and combat trafficking in persons, especially women and children, and to promote and facilitate national and international cooperation in this regard.
The National Civic Education Commission Act was passed to foster civic competence and responsibility amongst the citizens, educate people relating to fundamental rights and obligations of citizens and to highlight the importance of civic education in inculcating citizenship, knowledge, skills and values.
The Islamabad Capital Territory Child Protection Act was passed to provide for protection and care of children in Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury, neglect, maltreatment, exploitation and abuse besides passage of the Juvenile Justice System Act to provide for criminal justice system for juveniles.
The parliament also passed the Marine Insurance Act for regulation of the business of marine insurance and the Apprenticeship Act to make provisions for promoting, developing and regulating systematic apprenticeship programmes in the establishments for securing certain minimum standards of skill.
Another important law was the Corporate Rehabilitation Act to provide for rehabilitation and reorganisation of distressed corporate entities and their business to encourage economic growth and development.
The Transgender Persons (Protection and Rights) Act was passed to provide protection, relief and rehabilitation of rights to the transgender persons and their welfare.
The Apprenticeship Act made provisions for promoting, developing and regulating systematic apprenticeship programmes in the establishments for securing certain minimum standards of skill.
Another law enacted was the National Assembly Employees Act in order to regulate the recruitment and the conditions of service of persons appointed in the NA Secretariat.
The laws for the establishment of the federal bank for cooperatives and regulation of cooperative banking sector and house building finance corporation were repealed.
The parliament also amended laws about salary and allowances of the president, legal practitioners and bar councils, gas infrastructure development cess and regulation of generation, transmission and distribution of electric power.
The Finance Act, 2018 was passed by the previous NA on May 22, 2018, while the new government got passed a Supplementary Finance Bill in October from the present NA, mainly to make changes in rates of taxes and duties.