NEW DELHI: Copulating with a wife below 18 is rape, the Supreme Court of India said in a landmark decision to end an exception in the law for men married to girls who are above 15.
“If a man has sexual intercourse with a wife who is below 18 years, it is an offence. The minor wife can complain against the husband within one year,” said the court, declaring that lowering the legal age for sex to 15 if the girl is married is unconstitutional.
“Exception in rape law is discriminatory, capricious and arbitrary. It violates bodily integrity of the girl child,” said the court.
The judges made it clear that they were not getting into the subject of marital rape. Rape and child marriage laws of India disagree on the age of consent. The Indian Penal Code or IPC defines sex with a girl below 18 – with or without her consent – as a crime. However, an exception was made if the girl was a person’s wife and not below the age of 15.
The court on Wednesday ruled that the exception was illegal and urged the government to prevent mass child marriages. The petitioner in this case, ‘Independent Thought’, had flagged the conflict in the law.
The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO) considers sex with children – defined as below 18 – as rape. The petitioner pointed out that a man, however, is not considered guilty of rape if he has sex with a child above 15 who happens to be his wife even though child marriage is banned.
The centre had defended the immunity of men having sex with wives above 15, saying it was meant to protect the institution of marriage. “The institution of marriage must be protected. Otherwise, the children from such marriages will suffer,” it said.
Some laws like the “exception provided for marital rape had been made taking into account the socio-economic realities of life in India” the government had said, adding that the court did not need to interfere and that it would be a call for parliament to take.