Debts owed by borrowers to surplus countries have kept growing in the wake of 2008-09 crisis and still threaten the global economy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has warned.
Even though total current account deficits have halved since 2006 with the big US trade deficit narrowing in particular they have not turned into surpluses for large borrower countries. The total debt pile has therefore continued to increase, The Gulf News Reported.
The IMF’s warning in the analytical chapters of its latest World Economic Outlook shows that while the pattern of so-called “global imbalances” has changed, they remain a menace to economic stability.
“Stock imbalances have not decreased on the contrary, they have widened mainly because of continued flow imbalances coupled with low growth in several advanced economies,” says the IMF.
“Some large debtor economies thus remain vulnerable to changes in market sentiment, highlighting continued possible systemic risks.” According to the IMF’s estimates, the net foreign liabilities of the US increased from 14 per cent of annual output in 2006 to 34 per cent in 2013. For Spain, they went up from 70 per cent of annual output to 103 per cent, while in Italy the increase was from 24 per cent to 36 per cent of output.
That was offset by large increases in net foreign assets for Japan, up from 41 per cent to 62 per cent of gross domestic product, and Germany where the rise was from 27 per cent to 46 per cent of GDP.
Countries with large foreign liabilities are vulnerable to financial market shocks which may make it harder to roll over their debts. However, the IMF said there was little chance of trouble for the US, with the dollar more dominant than ever in international finance.
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Apologies in advance for the inconvenience caused. “The status of the US dollar as a reserve currency seems, if anything, more secure now than in 2006,” the IMF wrote.
Total debts continued to rise even though annual deficits are smaller, and the pattern that defined the early 2000s a large deficit in the US and a large surplus in China has changed.
“With the shrinkage in large deficits, the systemic risks from flow imbalances surely decreased,” says the IMF.