The article raises a number of very important issues. Unfortunately, the education system of Pakistan is such, that rote learning is patronised instead of being discouraged. And this is not only limited to Pakistan but also, many developed countries as we know them. There is a need to completely revamp educational structures, but for that to happen, as you rightly pointed out, we need to redefine the definition of education. The modern system is a process of standardisation where batch by batch students are churned out, without much value addition. Also, as pointed out in the article, the definition of literacy courtesy UNESCO is not only ambiguous but immensely bizarre.